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Be Sun Smart by Colorescience

It is essential to remember that when using any Sun Protection product, many variables must be taken into consideration to insure safe sun. One product should not be considered bullet proof. Understanding and respecting the power of damaging suns rays is very important.

Determining how much Sunforgettable or any other product to use depends on skin types, time of year, time of day, local weather factors like humidity and wind, altitude, and size of area exposed to the sun.

Any area that is going to be exposed to the sun needs to be covered carefully. This includes the top of the ears, the back of the neck, the edge of the hairline, and areas next to clothing edges.

Research indicates that almost no one uses the amount of sun protection used in lab testing. Lab tests are performed with two milligrams of product per one centimeter squared. In layman terms, this means “a whole lot!”

Our instructions advise you to put enough product on that you see white. This is also a way to make sure you have covered all areas. Then carefully rub or press the product into the skin. Reapply every 80 minutes if perspiring or swimming. Or reapply as needed. While the product does not sweat or swim off, it can be rubbed off. So either towel dry carefully or reapply.

In laboratory tests, SPF15 is definitely high enough to protect the skin. In real life, this may not be so. Here's why: in order to get the SPF rating, each sunscreen is tested under a variety of conditions. The amount of sunscreen applied is always the same and it tends to be much more than most of us actually use.
According to the preferred testing amounts, you should be using a 120ml bottle of sunscreen during a single eight-hour day at the beach. Most of us don't use nearly that much. So instead of applying enough to actually reach an SPF 15 rating, we use less and diminish the SPF value. What's more, when you perspire or wipe your skin with a towel, you lessen some of the sunscreen's effectiveness.

For this reason, many dermatologists advocate using sunscreen with a higher SPF (30 or above), especially if you are at high risk of skin cancer. Even if you use an SPF 30 sunscreen, it might only carry an SPF of 15, depending on how much is applied.
If you skin feels like it is burning, reapply. Better yet, get out of the sun!

Skin Types
Experts have devised a classification system for skin phototypes (SPTs) based on the sensitivity to sunlight. It ranges from SPT I (lightest skin plus other factors) to IV (darkest skin). [ See Table ] People with skin types I and II are at highest risk for photoaging skin diseases, including cancer. It should be noted, however, that premature aging from sunlight can affect people of all skin shades.

Tanning and Sunburn History / Skin Type Tanning and Burning History

I Always burns, never tans, sensitive to sun exposure
II Burns easily, tans minimally
III Burns moderately, tans gradually to light brown
IV Burns minimally, always tans well to moderately brown
V Rarely burns, tans profusely to dark
VI Never burns, deeply pigmented, least sensitive

While lab testing is done on a variety of skin types, those in categories one and two need to be especially cautious of too much sun exposure.

The strongest suns’ rays mid-day and sun exposure during this time should be avoided when possible. Many factors can go into determining what “mid-day” means including daylight saving time and long days. If one must be in the sun during this period, additional sun protection is required. This can range from additional product coverage to sun protective clothing to “taking cover” as much as possible. Again if you feel your skin burning for any reason, get out of the sun’s rays! A healthy respect for the sun is essential. The sun has a long list of benefits. But too much sun is detrimental in many ways.


Staying out of the Sun

The best way to prevent skin damage in any case is to avoid episodes of excessive sun exposure. The following are some specific guidelines:

• Avoid exposure particularly during the hours of 10 AM to 4 PM when sunlight pours down 80% of its daily UV dose.
• Avoid reflective surfaces, such as water, sand, concrete, snow, and white-painted areas. (Clouds and haze are not protective and in some cases may intensify UVB rays.)
• Ultraviolet intensity depends on the angle of the sun, not heat or brightness. So the dangers are greater the closer to the summer-start date. For example, in the Northern Hemisphere, UV intensity in April (two months before summer starts) is equal to that in August (two months after summer begins).
• The higher the altitude the quicker one sunburns. (One study suggested, for example, that an average complexion burns at six minutes at 11,000 feet at noon compared to 25 minutes at sea level in a temperate climate.)
• Avoid sun lamps and tanning beds. They provide mostly UVA rays, and some experts believe that 15 to 30 minutes at a tanning salon are as dangerous as a day spent in the sun.

The rays of the sun are strongest in the summertime, also warranting extra precaution. Using sun protective products is suggested year round. During the warmest months, layering protection and limiting exposure is an even better idea.

If you must be out in the sun during peak times, it is important to “prepare the skin for exposure. Skin that has been pre-tanned in a systematic manner is more readily able to handle the sun’s rays.

Certain medications may also make the skin more sensitive to the sun’s rays.

If you are not sure if your medications cause sensitivity, ask your doctor. If they do, avoid the strongest rays.

Hot and humid days can bring on excessive perspiration in most skin types. When products have been rated “very water resistant”, this means one can perspire or swim for up to 80 minutes without need to reapply. But if one perspires or swims and rubs the product off with a towel (or life jacket), then the product should be reapplied at that time.

In conclusion, Colorescience Pro suggests using caution and common sense when applying sun protection. Use an adequate amount of protection, layering when possible. Avoid midday sun in peak times of year. Reapply if the product has been rubbed off, especially after perspiring or swimming. Be aware of your skin type and take extra precaution when necessary. Consider layering products for sun protection. Using moisturizers and/or eating foods high in vitamin C, vitamin A, and powerful antioxidants can also be helpful. Sun protective clothing is also a sun smart idea. Sun damage is cumulative and irreversible. Be Sun Smart.

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